“The sad truth is that most evil is done by people who never make up their minds to be good or evil.”
Hannah Arendt

The Factual Truth

The factual truth is very easily discredited. Be it witnesses, or someone can appeal to counterfeit documents, etc. If it conflicts with political power, it often affects it very badly.

But it is these witnesses and other people who need realistic rationality. It also applies to other people as opposed to the truth of one philosopher.
He needs various testimonies. It’s true politics. Facts and opinions are not inconsistent. Facts inform opinions that are influenced by different personal interests – therefore, opinions may vary.
We have the opposite of the truth, on the one hand, and opinion, or opinion, on the other. Thus, the view is characterized as some unstable opinion, constantly changing, something that I think.

However, political power is built on opinions. While opinions may conflict in free discussion and controversy, so far, truth still conceals the element of coercion. Once acknowledged as true, both true and rational, it is beyond any opinion or controversy.
So, if the truth meets with politics, it has this tyrannical nature. That is why governments are fooling – governments or tyrants. The tyrants are afraid of limiting their own power and the government is afraid of limiting free talks.
Truth is right for everyone to accept it – it prevents debate.
While political thinking is something about the controversy, discussion, representation, presenting different opinions where I form my mind. The more objective, the better.

The Power of Truth
Modern Times and Enlightenment
This transition from ancient times to modern times and then enlightenment characterizes Arendt as a transition from rational truth to opinion. From one person to pluralism. Moving from consideration to the power of opinion. The power of opinion is determined by the number of people who share this view. The difference between the truth of the philosophers and the view deleted. Or rather they have no practical implications for the public, political sphere.

Once, political lies related to secrets that were not to be published by people. Today, they also concern about common things. So what we all know is how it was.
Political images of rewriting history – neglecting facts that could hurt it. The difference is in hiding and destruction. While the old lie was just hiding facts, the new ones are trying to destroy these facts.
Today, this is about manipulating facts. Organized lying. Handling facts and opinions. Creating Substitutes for Facts. The worst and most unbelievable is self-deception. A liar who is not deceived by himself knows what is true and what is not, but whoever deceives himself no longer knows where the truth is.
The factual truth if it clashes with power, it usually suffers defeat. Power is trying to make a “substitute” for the truth, but no substitute will ever be true. And that’s the power of truth. Violence, lies, etc. can destroy the truth, but they can never replace it.
The truth speaker can tell the truth, but if he does not interfere with politics. The truth then becomes the opinion, and the speaker of truth begins to use those methods as others. Convincing and Violence. That is why the truth spokesperson must be kept out of the political sphere, or better, the truth speaker will only be the spokesperson of the truth if he is out of the political sphere. If not, its truth will cease to be valid.

When it comes out publicly with the philosophical truth, it becomes an opinion. But philosophical truth can have practical implications when it becomes an example. It can then inspire negotiations without disturbing the political sphere. This is what ethical principles – exemplary truth.
Where is the truth cultivated, where can it be? Where does he have power? Outside the political sphere. The truth should, therefore, be told from the outside of the political scene.
The essence of truth is non-political. There are impartial institutions – the judiciary, universities, the Academy of Sciences. Although they are under government, so outside the political sphere – shelters of truth. The mere existence of these institutions can make truth in the public space prevail. Although they are out of the political sphere, they still have political significance.
Arendt talks about stories narrator, who is also the narrator of the truth. The one who interprets the facts puts them in a story that makes sense. A historian novelist who tells the events. It’s not just facts, they’re telling a story that’s being presented. From those who do this, impartiality, objectivity is expected.

*Johanna “Hannah” Cohn Arendt, also known as Hannah Arendt Bluecher, was a German-American philosopher and political theorist. Her many books and articles on topics ranging from totalitarianism to epistemology have had a lasting influence on political theory. Wikipedia
Born: October 14, 1906, Linden-Limmer, Hanover, Germany
Died: December 4, 1975, Upper West Side, New York, United States

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